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Graz Jurisprudence Talks

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12. Dezember 2017

Dr. Chiara Valentini | Pompeu Fabra University

"Constitutional Adjudication, Judicial Dialogue and Overlapping Doctrines"

The paper addresses the use of foreign law in constitutional adjudication. The first part illustrates the spread and relevance of the judicial practice of making reference to foreign law, along with the main questions that come with it. On the one hand questions concerning its justification and on the other hand questions concerning its scope and method. The second part of the paper attempts to provide a key to these questions. It presents a model of judicial dialogue that points toward a partial convergence among constitutional doctrines. This model builds on a defense of the judicial use of foreign law that draws on the Rawlsian ideas of reflective equilibrium and public reason (Moreso and Valentini 2017).

23. November 2017

Dr. Andrej Kristan | University of Girona

"A Paradox of Hart's Fallible Finality"

The goal of this talk is to offer a redefinition of the concept of the fallibility of final judicial decisions. Its standard understanding, based on Hart's work, is far more problematic than is usually assumed. The author intends to show that the usual understanding gives rise to a contradiction. Namely, that it is (sometimes) legally correct to do that which is not legally correct. He will then briefly test three methods of solving the problem and conclude that none of them speaks in favour of distinguishing between the finality and infallibility of judicial decisions. Accordingly, he will re-examine Hart's motivations for embracing that distinction and identify a misstep in his reasoning.

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19. Jänner 2017

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Stephan Kirste | Universität Salzburg

"Das Menschenrecht auf Demokratie"

Ein Menschenrecht auf Demokratie lässt sich weder durch die Bedeutung der Demokratie für die Menschenrechte, noch durch die Bedeutung der Menschenrechte für die Demokratie, noch durch die Gleichursprünglichkeit von Menschenrechten und Demokratie begründen. Menschenrechte und Demokratie haben einen gemeinsamen Ursprung in der positiven Freiheit als Autonomie. Als Menschenrecht auf Demokratie soll ein subjektives Recht auf gleiche Partizipation an der Beratung, Interpretation und Durchsetzung von allgemeinen Rechten und Pflichten verstanden werden.

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15. November 2016

Dr. Luka Burazin | University of Zagreb

"Legal Systems as Abstract Institutional Artifacts"

The talk defended the view that a legal system is an abstract institutional artifact. Its existence is grounded in social practices. It differs from 'ordinary' artifacts in that it is rule-based and requires general recognition. Making it the case that a legal system exists is realized through the general recognition of the constitutive rule laying out a set of conditions for there to be a legal system.

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